Soekarno-Hatta AirportAirport Directory » Indonesia » Jakarta » Soekarno-Hatta Airport
Coordinates: 06°07′32″S 106°39′21″E / 6.12556°S 106.65583°E / -6.12556; 106.65583
Soekarno-Hatta International Airport (Indonesian: Bandar Udara Internasional Soekarno-Hatta) (IATA: CGK, ICAO: WIII) is the independent airport assisting the greater Jakarta area on the island of Java, Indonesia. The airport is named after the 1st President of Indonesia, Soekarno, and the 1st vice-president, Mohammad Hatta. The airport is frequently named Cengkareng by Indonesians. The airport's IATA codification, CGK, rises from the name of the Cengkareng vicinity, a land located to the northwest of the town.
Located approximately 20 kilometre due west of Jakarta, in Tangerang Regency, Banten, Soekarno-Hatta airport set about to function in 1985, replacing the former Kemayoran Airport (domestic voyages) in Central Jakarta, and Halim Perdanakusuma International Airport in East Jakarta. Kemayoran Airport had since closed. Halim Perdanakusuma is still functioning, assisting largely charters and armed forces voyages. Terminal two was opened in 1992.
The territory area of the airport is 18 km². It has 2 independent parallel landing track divided 2,400 m linked by 2 cover taxi strip. There are 3 independent depot constructions: Terminal one is for all domestic voyages. Terminal two assists all international voyages as good as all domestic voyages. Terminal three Pier one is for domestic voyages.
Terminal one and two are divided into three sub-terminals. Terminal 1A, 1B, and 1C are used for domestic voyages by Indonesian air hose. Terminal 2D and 2E is for international voyages. Terminal 2F is for domestic voyages for Garuda Indonesia and Merpati Nusantara Airlines.
Terminal 2D is for all international air hose assisted by PT Jasa Angkasa Semesta, 1 of the dry land animal trainer in the airport. Terminal 2E and 2F are for all international air hose assisted by PT Gapura Angkasa.
Terminal three Pier one was opened in 2009. The whole Terminal three is anticipated with five wharf and complete in 2020. Now Terminal three Pier one is for voyages functioned by AirAsia and Mandala Airlines.
The airport was projected by Paul Andreu, a French designer who also planned Charles de Gaulle International Airport in Paris. One of the major fashions of Soekarno-Hatta airport is the incorporation of the local vernacular architecture into the project, and the presence of tropical gardens in between the waiting lounges. However, Soekarno-Hatta International Airport was mentioned for its beautiful landscaping: the airport was presented the 1995 Aga Khan Award for Architecture.
Soekarno-Hatta International Airport has 150 check-in counters, 30 luggage roundabouts and 42 entrances. Each sub-terminal has 25 check-in counters, five luggage roundabouts and seven entrances.
Angkasa Pura II is now programming to construct a new depot with modern project characteristics. Terminal three is being made for low-cost air hose, and already assists haj voyages and transnational migrant jacks. There is a masterplan to do five rider depots + one haj depot and four landing track. In 2009 the airport shall be tied to Manggarai Station (hereafter Jakarta central station) by a railway line. To finance the enlargement, the airport is roll up an Airport Tax of IDR 150,000 (approx $12 USD) for each international rider and IDR 40,000 for each domestic rider.
In May 2008, ForbesTraveller.com recognised Soekarno-Hatta International Airport as the sixth most punctual airport in the world with 86.3% of its voyages going away on clip, while 72.3% getting ontime.
Soekarno-Hatta International Airport was the 35th busiest airport in 2004-2006, consorting to Airliners World mag.
Between 1928–1974, the Kemayoran Airfield mean for domestic voyages was see to a fault close to an Indonesian armed forces field, Halim Perdanakusuma. The polite air space in the area got narrow, while air traffic increased speedily, which lay on the line international air traffic. In 1969, a Senior Communication Officers running across in Bangkok show this come to.
In the early 1970s, with the aid of USAID, 8 possible places were studied for a new international airport, viz. Kemayoran, Malaka, Babakan, Jonggol, Halim, Curug, South Tangerang and North Tangerang. Finally, the North Tangerang air space was taken and it was also mentioned that Jonggol is able to be used as an alternative landing field. Meanwhile the Indonesian authority set about to upgrade the Halim Perdanakusumah field to be used for domestic voyages.
Between 1974–1975, a Canadian advisor syndicate dwelling of Aviation Planning Services Ltd., ACRESS International Ltd., and Searle Wilbee Rowland (SWR), won a tender for the new airport feasibleness labor. The feasibleness survey set about on 20 February 1974 with a aggregative cost of 1 million Canadian dollars. The annual labor continue with an Indonesian spouse corresponded by PT Konavi. By the finish of March 1975, the survey bring out a project to construct 3 inline landing track, a perforated route, 3 international depot constructions, 3 domestic constructions and 1 construction for Hajj voyages. Three shops for the domestic depots shall be constructed between 1975–1981 with a cost of US$ 465 million and 1 domestic depot including an apron from 1982–1985 with a cost of US$ 126 million. A new depot labor, named the Jakarta International Airport Cengkareng (codification: JIA-C), set about.
1975 – 1977 To deal out the district and also found the district boundary line was clip necessitated. Schipol, Amsterdam was asked for sentiment which consorting to them is instead expensive and over project. The cost raise up high because of using decentralisation system. The Centralization system was a suitable 1.
The Team determined on a decentralisation system like the 1 used at Orly West Airfield, Lyon Satolas,, Langen-Hagen-Hanover and Kansas City Airport mental faculty system was followed because it is simple and efficacious.
twelve November 1976
The construction labor sensible was won by the French Aeroport de Paris.
18 May 1977
The Final contract project was held on by the Indonesian Government and Aeroport de Paris with a fixed cost of approximately 22,323,203 French francs and Rp. 177,156,000 equivalent to 2,100,000 francs. The work was scheduled to take 18 calendar month. The authority constituted PT. Konavi as the local spouse.
The effect was:
• two inline landing track including taxi strip
• Perforate routes: one at the east, another at the due west for airport services. The due west was closed to public use.
• three depots which is able to adapt 3 million riders per yr.
• one mental faculty for international voyages and two for domestic.
• An Airport inside a garden was take as an mental image.
20 May 1980
A 4 yr contract was signed. Sainraptet Brice, SAE, Colas together with PT. Waskita Karya as the developer. Ir. Karno Barkah MSc. was named the JIA-C Project Director, responsible for the airport's building.
one December 1980
The Indonesian authority signed a contract for Rp. 384,8 billion with developers. The building cost shall be: Rp. 140,450,513,000 from APBN (national budget), 1,223,457 francs donated by France and US$ 15,898,251 from the USA.
one December 1984
The airport building was complete.
one May 1985
The 2nd depot was set about and set up on 11 May 1992.
|Phases of Soekarno-Hatta International Airport Project|
|Phase one||1985||Built Terminal one that is able to deals 9 million riders per annum|
|Phase two||1992||Built Terminal two that is able to deals 18 million riders per annum|
|Phase three||2008||Built Terminal three stage one that is able to deals 22 million riders per annum|
|Not restored||Fully constructed Terminal three that is able to deals 38 million riders per annum|
|Phase four||2020-||Built Terminal four|
Volume of Passengers
This tabular array was ground on informations from the Airport Council International organisation. These statistics are from the movements of riders, cargo and aircraft in CGK.
Terminal one is the 1st depot of Soekarno-Hatta International Airport. It was complete on 1985. It is turn up on the opposite of Terminal two which is on the southward location. It functions domestic voyages except Garuda Indonesia and Merpati Nusantara Airlines as they function their domestic voyages in Terminal 2. This depot has three sub-terminal. Each sub-terminal has 25 check-in counters, five luggage roundabouts and seven entrances. It has the capability of care 9 million riders per annum. The entrances in Terminal one has rudiment prefix of A, B and C. The entrances are A1-A7, B1-B7 and C1-C7.
Terminal two is the 2nd depot of Soekarno-Hatta International Airport. It was complete on 1992. It is turn up on the opposite of Terminal one which is on the northward location. It functions international voyages as good as domestic voyages of Garuda Indonesia and Merpati Nusantara Airlines only. Terminal two has three sub-terminals. Each sub-terminal has 25 check-in counters, five luggage roundabouts and seven entrances. It has the capability of care 9 million riders per annum. The entrances in Terminal two has rudiment prefix of D, E and F. The entrances are D1-D7, E1-E7 and F1-F7.
The 1st stage of depot 3, consisting of the 1st of the be after five wharf, was opened in April 15, 2009. The depot follows a different project from depots one and 2, using an eco-friendy and modern conception (see rendering here). It now houses 2 low cost bearers, Mandala Airlines and Indonesia AirAsia for their domestic voyages.
Each of the be after five wharf will have a capacity of 4 million riders per yr. Terminal three is anticipated to spread out the capacity of Soekarno-Hatta International Airport, from 18 million riders per annum, to 38 million.
In the newest masterplan, the airport will have two stages of development. Phase one development is to make the Terminal three and continue Runway two to 4,000 m. Phase two development is to make Terminal four and the 3rd landing track (4,000 m). A new kicked upstairs railroad train that will link the airport to the town is also included in the stage one development .
Terminal four is on the opposite of Terminal 3. It is on the east side of Terminal one which is still on the southward location. It shall be on stage four or Phase two Development.